The first step

  • Firstly/First/To start with/ Initially/At 1st stage/ First of all + Clause
  • The first step/stage is/involves + noun phrase/V-ing
  • The process commences with (sth + V-ing)/(noun phrase)
  • The first step is when + clause

The next step

  • Next/Then/Afterwards/Subsequently/After that/At the next stage + Clause
  • Following (that)/(noun phrase) is V-ing/(noun phrase)
  • …, followed by…

The last step

  • Finally/Lastly
  • The process ends with (sth V-ing)/(noun phrase)