ĐÁP ÁN WRITING IELTS CAMBRIDGE 14IELTS Writing Test in IELTS Cambridge 14
Cuốn sách IELTS Cambridge 14 được xuất bản khoảng tháng 6/2019 với các đề thi rất hữu ích cho các thí sinh thi IELTS. Tôi viết các bài mẫu Writing và tổng hợp tại bài viết này để các bạn học sinh tham khảo.
VỀ BỘ SÁCH IELTS CAMBRIDGE 14
Các bạn lưu ý là tới tháng 6/2019 thì cuốn sách mới lên kệ, hiện tại đang là tháng 5/2019, nhưng đã có phiên bản leak ra, tôi không chia sẻ cuốn sách đó.
Hiện tại thì tôi dựa theo các đề Writing trong cuốn sách để từ đó viết các bài giải này. Khi cuốn sách xuất hiện chính thức, tôi sẽ có thông báo xác nhận lại.
Do các bài viết này mới chỉ được tôi đọc lại 02 03 lần sau khi viết nên có thể có một số lỗi. Rất mong các bạn comment nếu phát hiện lỗi trong quá trình đọc bài nhé.
Để tham khảo các bài viết khác cho phần task 1 của các quyển Cambridge bạn có thể tìm thấy ở đây
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Cambridge 14 – Test 1
Đề 01 có bài Task 1 về 3 biểu đồ tròn và một bài Task 2 là viết Essay dạng bài Discussion
The charts below show the average percentages in typical meals of three types of nutrients, all of which may be unhealthy if eaten too much. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The chart compares the average percentages of 3 unhealthy nutrients, including sodium, saturated fat and added sugar, in 4 typical meals consumed by American people. Overall, dinner and snacks are unhealthiest meals while breakfast is the healthiest meal.
The levels of sodium and saturated fat in dinner are highest, with 43% of sodium and 37% of saturated fat consumed. The major source of added sugar in typical American diet is snacks when they are associated for 42% of added sugar that American people are eating.
American breakfast is much healthier than those 2 meals as it provides the lowest percentage of 3 types of nutrients, with just around 16% of each. Lunch is less healthy than breakfast, but it is still healthier than snacks and dinner. The percentages of 3 types of nutrients are much higher than that of breakfast but much lower than the data of snack and dinner.
Some people believe that it is best to accept a bad situation, such as an unsatisfactory job or shortage of money. Others argue that it is better to try and improve such situations. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Bad situations such as unsatisfactory job or shortage of money inevitably happens around all of us, and the question is whether we should accept or try to improve them. In this essay, I will discuss both options and point out which is the best.
Of course, when things are fraught with difficulty, it seems better to try and improve such situations. Many people believe that no matter how difficult the situation is, such as unsatisfactory job or shortage of money, we can get out of it by finding another job or asking for a raise. Once the problems are overcome, it would be a sense of ease or success, and furthermore valuable lessons to deal with the similar situations in the future.
However, the pressure of trying to overcome difficult situations can be vulnerable sometimes, and I think it is time to accept. In two examples mentioned above, there would be some ones who have no chance to change the situation. For them, an attempt to change can drain energy or cause stress or event create undesired results, making the situation worse. Of course, I do not agree to accepting for the rest of our life, but when we accept, we rob the situation of some of its undesired effect and start to see how to overcome it if we give it time. Therefore, an acceptance can be seen as a more positive attitude to improve bad situation than a hasty attempt.
In conclusion, although I agree that we should try to improve bad situations, I think that in some cases it would be better to accept. Acceptance does not mean that we do nothing, but it is the best way to deal with the situation.
Cambridge 14 – Test 2
Đề 02 có bài Task 1 là dạng bài kết hợp giữa 1 biểu đồ cột và 1 bảng với sự thay đổi về thời gian. Trong khi đó bài Task 2 là viết Essay dạng bài Discussion với chủ đề về Environment
The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015.
The chart and the table show changes of the exports of five categories in one country between 2015 and 2016. Overall, there was an upward trend in the exports of this country, and petroleum products and engineered goods were the major exports among five categories.
In 2015, the export of petroleum products was highest, followed by engineered goods, with just above 60 billions dollars and 58 billions dollars respectively. In 2016, the exports of both categories increased moderately and had the same value.
The export of gems and jewellery was by far lower than the exports of petroleum products and engineered goods, but it was higher than the exports of agricultural products. While the export of gems and jewellery decreased by 5.15%, the figure for agricultural export was nearly unchanged. Of all five categories, the export of textiles was the lowest at around 25 $ billion, but it saw the most significant growth of 15.24% over a year.
Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Many people think that the loss of particular plant and animal species is the major environmental problem. Although I agree with this idea, I will point out some environmental problems that are more important.
The loss of some plants and animals should be seen as a main environmental problem because of its impact. For example, the predators in the food chain cannot feed themselves when their preys disappeared. Some people said that we can feed ourselves with domestic castle and animals, so there is no harm to us. In fact, fisherman in some parts of the world cannot go fishing because of the loss of some particular types of fish such as whale. Furthermore, the loss of wild animals and plants places us under the pressure to build zoo to keep them safe in captivity.
On the other hand, we have been poised on the brink of severe environmental problems such as water, soil and land pollutions or climate change that leave us more vulnerable than the extinction of plant and animal species. Of course, those problems are main factors that cause the loss of some species and put the natural habitat at risk of extinction. Moreover, water, soil and land pollutions make fresh water and agricultural land turning into a monetary and political concerns on a global scale. Also, climate change causes more frequent natural disasters of extreme weather that make our life more unpleasant. We can save wild animals and plants from their extinction, but the question is who can save us from ours.
In conclusion, I think that the loss of some plants and animals should be worried, but it is just the consequence of more important environmental problems. I think we should concentrate our efforts on those problems rather than only focus on the animals and plants’ extinction.
Cambridge 14 – Test 3
Đề 03 có bài Task 1 là dạng bài viết mô tả một process khá đơn giản. Trong khi đó bài Task 2 là viết Essay dạng bài Agree/Disagree với chủ đề Music
The diagram below shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The diagram shows how water is used to generate electricity in a hydroelectric power station. Overall, the use of water is different between the day time and the night time.
Water from river is blocked by a dam and stored in a high-level reservoir. At the bottom of the dam, the intake is opened during the day time while being closed at night.
In the day time, once the intake is opened, water flows into a tunnel to go down to the power station, then through turbines to generate electricity. The force of falling water makes the turbines spinning, activating the generator while water keeps going to a lower level reservoir. Then, electricity generated is transmitted to the national grid via power lines.
In the night time, water from the lower reservoir flows back to turbines. As turbines are reversible, water is pumped into the higher reservoir through the same tunnel that water flows in the day time.
Some people say that music is a good way of bringing people of different cultures and ages together. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion.
Many people think that music can make people from different cultural and age groups close together. I agree with this idea although music in some cases cannot cause people friendly to each other.
There are some types of music that tear us apart, let alone bring people closer together. People at different ages often have different tastes of music. It is difficult to bring old people closer to young people with some modern songs that appears to old people to be meaningless variety of ‘boy meets girl’. Also, music with offensive words of age, racial or sexual discriminations can create cultural, ethnic and political conflicts.
However, I think that music can bond people around the world, crossing cultural barriers and age gaps. Firstly, music is composed to express artist’s experiences of happiness or sadness that listeners tend to connect emotionally to their own and make connection with ones experiencing the same. For example, there many online music videos composed and sang in less common languages that could attract the public attention. Public audiences from different languages and cultures left comments that show their mutual feeling and opinion about the music. Furthermore, many people are connected and share their opinion on social issues when they listen to music that inspire social changes such as equity or against discriminations.
In conclusion, music can bring people together no matter what we are. Of course, it is not true in all cases, but I think that music is a good way to create a warm friendship between people of different cultures and ages.
Cambridge 14 – Test 4
Đề 04 có bài Task 1 là dạng bài Map – mô tả sự thay đổi về cách xây dựng của một khu vực thay đổi theo thời gian. Trong khi đó bài Task 2 là viết Essay dạng bài Cause – Disadvantage cho chủ đề Work
The plans below show a public park when it first opened in 1920 and the same park today. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The plans show differences of a public park between 1920 and now. Overall, there is a replacement of most of structures and a rearrangement of gardens and seats in the park.
In 1920, visitors entered the park via 2 entrances on Arnold avenue and Eldon street. Nowadays, there are no changes for 2 main entrances, but there is a new entrance for an underground car park.
In the middle of the park there were a fountain which then was demolished, and there was a stage for musicians with 2 rose gardens and several seats surrounding on the right side. The stage was replaced with an amphitheater for concerts while 1 rose garden and seats was rearranged to the middle of the park.
On the left side, a glasshouse was built alongside Eldon street, but now it was replaced with water feature. A rose garden and a pond for water plants next to Arnold avenue were converted into a cafe and a children’s play area.
Nowadays many people choose to be self-employed, rather than to work for a company or organisation. Why might this be the case? What could be the disadvantages of being self-employed?
It is a tendency that less people want to work for a company or organisation as they choose to be self-employed. In this essay, I will examine reasons behind this and point out how self-employment could be disadvantaged.
There are many reasons why self-employment become more popular. I think the most important reasons is that it is easier to set up a company than before. In some countries, company registration can be done quickly, and there are many opportunities to do business when the Internet provides a global marketplace. In addition, self-employment offers greater freedom than working for a company. For example, while employees are obligated to follow a fixed working schedule set by their employers, self-employers have the freedom to work at times that best fit their needs.
However, there are risks to starting a new business. Firstly, self-employed people may face financial difficulties. For most people, self-employment seems to be a good opportunity to make a good fortune, but they did not see a fact that many businesses fail to make a profit. Secondly, having a permanent job and a monthly paycheck are the only factors for career success especially in my country. In contrast, being self-employed means that there is a variety in the income, rather than a regular pay from a company or organisation. There are no benefits like pensions, sick pay and holiday pay. There is less stability in self-employment. Another problem of self-employment is that it involved hard work, long hours and total responsibility.
In conclusion, self-employment is a rising trend at a global scale as its advantages. However, its disadvantages should be considered before choosing to be self-employed.
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